Out-of -wedlock childbearing and divorce put a burden on state exchequer

A recent study, commissioned by advocates of strengthening marriages, shows that divorce and unwed parenting are not only bad for children but also cost U.S. taxpayers more than $112 billion a year.

There are suggestions towards marriage strengthening programs though there is little confidence with regard to the effectiveness of such programs. Critics say that the need of the hour is job creation and stable jobs.

Family fragmentation has many adverse effects:

· Poverty
· Delinquency among Children
· Crime
· Poor health
· Alcoholism
· Drug addiction

To combat such evil effects strengthening marriages is essential but some consider investment in education would reap more dividends than such programs can.

Sociologists feel that we may not be able to prevent families from fragmenting but the whole society will benefit from wide educational opportunities and education will help children from all sections to live life in a better manner.

Disadvantaged homes are most affected by divorce and fragmentation of families. The support system weakens down with divorce and separation. The most disadvantaged are the African American urban households.

A high number of black urban households are headed by single mothers because a high percentage of black men spend a considerable part in prison, which leave them with no education to take up decent jobs when they are out of prison. Left with no education and no decent jobs these black urban males do not make good husbands.

The study calculates that more than $112 billion a year is spent on welfare, health care, criminal justice and education for those raised in the disadvantaged homes. Most critics feel that programs to bolster marriages can work in unison with investment on education, and more job opportunities.

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