Child Adoption in India
Children are any nation’s supreme assets. They also include orphans, abandoned and destitute children. These children can be protected by providing them a family by adoption. This article is about the child adoption procedure in India.
Behind all the adoptions laws in India, the guiding principle is The Best interest of the Child . Though child adoption has been prevalent in Indian society from olden times, it was mostly within the families. Now with the passage of time , and the efforts of social organizations in spread awareness among people had led to child adoption beyond families.
What is Central Adoption Resource Agency CARA?
It is a central agency set up by the Government of India to strengthen the adoption rules and make the process of adoption hassles free. It is also responsible for safeguarding the welfare and rights of the children during adoption.
What is Indian Council of Social welfare?
It is an independent NGO experienced in child adoption, appointed by the supreme courtÂ , to stop malpractices and deviations from the prescribed guidelines of adoption made by the Government of India. It verifies the authenticityÂ of all the relevant documents before the judicial court issues the orders of formal adoption.
Guidelines for adoption:
There are separate guidelines of adoption placed by CARA for inter-country and in-country adoptions. No objection certificate by CARA is mandatory , before the placement agencies submit their papers in judicial courts. The guidelines for adoption in country are:
â€¢ A child is declared legally free for adoption by concerned public authority like Child Welfare Committee.
â€¢ Priority is given to in-country adoption before a child is allowed for inter country adoption.
â€¢ The principle of the best interest of the child applies for all agencies including CARA during adoption.
â€¢ Consents from biological and adoptive parents is taken before the adoption takes place.
â€¢ Only recognized agenciesÂ working non-profitable motives can carry out the adoption process.
â€¢ There are fixed adoption costs and middle man are prohibited.