Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is more prevalent in young children, like preschoolers and those in early school years. They may not be able to control their behavior or to pay attention. In the United States, about 2 million children have ADHD.

ADHD is not considered a learning disability. It does, however, fall under the category of ‘Other Health Impaired’ but not in ‘Specific Learning Disability’ and can be concluded to be a disability for kids, under the IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act), which helps them to be eligible for getting services to receive special education. Around 20-30% of children having ADHD also have a specific Learning Disability. A child cannot be diagnosed with ADHD unless he/she has been exhibiting the characteristic behaviors of the disorder (see below) for at least six months. A doctor can make a diagnosis after analyzing observations about the child’s behavior made by the school, parents, and caregivers of the child and comparing the child’s behavior to standard guidelines.

Characteristics of ADHD

ADHD Characteristically a child with ADHD will be  hyperactive, impulsive, and inattentive.

Subtypes of ADHD

There are 3 subtypes of ADHD, which are recognized by professionals. These are as follows.

1.    Predominantly impulsive or hyperactive type

This is when the child does not display inattentive behavior.

2.    Predominantly inattentive type

This is also referred to as ADD, the child does not display the hyperactive or impulsive behavior, but is inattentive.

3.    Combined type

This is when the child displays both hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive symptoms.

Signs and symptoms

  •  Failing to concentrate on details or may make simple and careless mistakes.
  • Writing is poorly formed or messy
  •  Leaves tasks undone and incomplete
  • Does not follow instructions
  • Avoids and dislikes tasks which require a lot of mental effort
  •  Forgetting directions
  • Difficulty in organizing and managing a task
  • Loses and misplaces items that they need to complete assignments
  • Has trouble settling down and staying calm
  • Calls out answers without listening to the entire question
  • Interrupts others while they are talking

If your child is diagnosed with ADHD, seek support and research all of your treatment options and therapies. Here are links to a couple of online support groups:

1 response to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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