Causes of Intellectual Disability in Children

Intellectual disability in children

Intellectual disability (ID) is a term commonly used when a child has certain limitations in skills, such as communicating with others, taking care of themselves, and social skills. Thus, children having intellectual disabilities may show slower development than normal children. They may take a longer time to learn to walk, speak, eat, dress up, and take care of their other personal needs. They may have trouble while learning; they may take a longer time, but they will learn.

Causes of intellectual disability

There are many causes for intellectual disability. The most common of them are:

Genetic conditions:

Intellectual disability can be caused by genetic conditions. It can be caused by abnormal genes due to hereditary, errors in the genes, or other reasons. Some examples of this condition are fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, and phenylketonuria (PKU).

Pregnancy problems:

Development problems within the womb can be the cause of intellectual disability. For example, there can be a problem of cell division with the baby as they grow. When the pregnant mother drinks alcohol or gets infectious diseases like rubella then the baby may show intellectual disability.

Problems during birth:

If there’s a problem during labor and birth, like if the baby doesn’t get enough oxygen, then that may cause intellectual disability.

Health problems:

Children who are malnourished or who lack proper medical care or children who are exposed to toxins or poisons like mercury or lead can develop intellectual disability. It can also be caused by various diseases like measles, meningitis, or whooping cough.

Intellectual disability is neither a disease nor a mental illness (depression). There isn’t a cure for this condition. However, children with an intellectual disability can also do many things, but they need more time to learn than other children.

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