Early Childhood Development and Care
The early years of childhood make up a period of major development in the human body. It is during infancy that the child learns how to accomplish the basic things which will be used throughout life. The early development of the child can be divided into two parts:
- Language development
- Physical development
In this article we will discuss some of the aspects of these two major developments.
Early Childhood Development and Care – Language Development:
The child starts developing his or her vocabulary from about the age of 6 months. As babies are highly receptive to their surroundings, they soon grasp the meaning of words. When a child of this age starts communicating through sounds it is important that you provide your child with the right signals. When your child reaches the age of 1 year his or her vocabulary will start to develop. Even a small child is capable of understanding simple instructions and responding to them accordingly.
By the age of 18 months or so, the child begins to learn according to the communication received. This basically means that the more you talk to your child, the more he or she will understand and respond and vocabulary will improve accordingly. By 2 years of age, children are usually able to successfully recognize the everyday objects in their surroundings and name them and they will learn more and more new things as time goes by. The pace of learning also develops in the toddler stage. A child who needs more time to learn as a baby will learn slowly throughout life but babies who are fast learners tend to remain fast learners.
Early Child Development and Care – Physical Development:
Physical development takes place at different times for different children. You cannot force a child to develop and there is no hard and fast rule for development stages in the first years of life.. As a guideline, a baby at the age of 2-4 months begins to move voluntarily and by the age of 4-6 months baby may begin to turn over and raise his or her head to look at a bright object or follow a sound. By 6 months most babies are able to sit up with support and by 9-10 months are able to stand up and try to move with some assistance. At around the age of 1 year your child should be be able to stand and start to take those first tentative steps without help. Once walking is acquired and as your child grows and becomes confident walking, then he or she will start to run and baby will love to dance, too.