Parent’s Role in Children’s Academic Achievement

Adolescence is one of the most critical stage of development. This stage is marked by physical, social, and emotional changes. Academic demands and the complexity of the school structure make the task of academic success for adolescents more difficult. The two most important environments are home and school.

Parent involvement is considered to be a very important positive force in a child’s life. As children progress through school, parent involvement declines. Several factors contribute to this decline: the complex structure of middle and high schools, the demanding curricula that can be intimidating to parents, and the fewer school efforts to involve parents.

This is the stage when children need maximum guidance to live a healthy life in future. But sexuality and social forces influence children’s life so much that many promising kids are lost through deviation.

Abstinence leads to higher Academic Achievement

Social science data show that teens who abstain from sex do substantially better on a wide range of outcomes. For example, teens who abstain from sex are less likely to be depressed; to attempt suicide; to experience STDs; to have children out-of-wedlock; to live in poverty and welfare dependence as adults. National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), a national survey funded by more than 17 federal agencies found that teens who delay sexual activity are more likely to have stable and enduring marriages as adults.

The Add Health data show that teens who abstain from sex while in high school are less likely to drop out of high school and are more likely to graduate from college when compared to teens from identical social backgrounds who are sexually active. This higher level of educational attainment will, in turn, result in higher incomes for abstinent teens.

Social and Emotional competency help in academic achievements

Success in academics is a series of decisions and actions. It requires persistence and patience. Children with social and emotional competencies are those who are self-aware and who can identify and manage their own emotions. They can understand the thoughts and feelings of others. They have good problem-solving skills and can analyze and predict how the decisions they make today can affect their future.

Role of Family in Academic Achievement

Personality, availability of social supports, and family cohesion are often identified as factors that can impact a child positively or negatively. Researchers define personality factors as internal characteristics found in every child, including the child’s intellectual ability and approach to learning, attitude and disposition, self-esteem, and self control. Social support availability factors are such as advocates at home, at school, and elsewhere in the community. Family cohesion includes family structure and background characteristics such as the parent’s occupation, family income, parent education, parental mental health, and parenting style. Family cohesion factors are also divorce, remarriage, death, and other changes that can influence child development.

Family Size

Researchers regard family size as a risk factor when there are more than two to three children, close in age, within the same household. Children have a protective upbringing when there are few children in the family and are spaced three or more years apart. Risk is cumulative when children have a combination of risk factors such as poverty, many siblings close in age, and a single parent are at a greater risk of poor academic performance and other negative child development outcomes.

Risk Factors

Risk factors do lead to negative results, but the presence of risk factors may sometimes lead to better outcomes.

Protective factors

Strong parenting is a protective factor. Children who live in poor localities can successfully avoid negative outcomes if parents develop higher expectations for their children’s school performance. The strengths and protection that families offer to their children are more important than the structure of the family unit.

Other protective factors

Other protective factors are high self-esteem, low rates of criticism from adults, positive outlook of parents, educated parents, high income, and parenting strategies that effectively address high-risk situations.