Every year thousands of teens die in the United States and suicide is the fastest growing killer of youth in America. There are many factors which lead teenagers to commit suicide. The two major causes of teen suicide are the homophobic sentiments of the people and struggles within the family. Broken homes, sexual violence, substance abuse are the causes of teen suicide.
The absence of parent-child communication also lead to teen suicide. The socio- environmental factor suggests that the greater access to firearms has caused a rise in the death of teens or suicidal predispositions or because of inherited mental illness.
Teenagers go through many social problems.The two most recognized problems are Teenage Drinking and Driving, and Teen Suicide. Alcohol, the most widely used and abused drug among youth, causes serious and potentially life-threatening problems for this population. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for teenagers. Several questions that arise in the social context of teens are: why do teens drink, what are the results of teen drinking and driving, and how can society change this pattern.
Why do teenagers drink alcohol?
Peers play the major role in shaping attitudes about alcohol use. Prior to this time, television and movies played the most influential role. The attitudes of parents toward alcohol correlated strongly with the attitudes of their children. There are several reasons why teenagers give to drinking alcohol which include recreation, rebellion, relieve depression, fatigue, and boredom.
Peer pressure in teenage drinking
Teenagers try out alcohol for the first time to see how it tastes like. If they give in to their peers they become part of the group, but if they do not they are not accepted into the group. Teenagers think it’s cool to drink and drive. They feel nothing will happen to them. A survey concluded, Males having higher rates of daily drinking and binge drinking than females, but these difference are diminishing. While white students report the highest levels of drinking, Blacks report the lowest, and Hispanics fall between the two (Alcohol Alert, 1999).
The causes that lead them to automobile accidents are little driving experience, driving late at night, driving after consuming alcohol, speeding, youthful risk, and driving during emotional stress. Many programs are being offered to educate teenagers and people on how to prevent alcohol-related accidents.
Treatment can help teens
Effective ways of dealing with teen drinking and driving are formal treatment. Teens can be taken to visit a Rehabilitation center, which is a process of putting the treatment plan into action. It consist of (1) education, (2) group therapy, (3) life story, (4) individual therapy, (5) peer assessment, (6) recreational therapy, (7) coping skills and relaxation therapy, (8) support group attendance, and (9) spirituality.
The society is trying to address the issue. There is a major social problem with teenagers drinking and driving and teen suicide. Society can influence the behavior of teenagers who drink and drive. Community involvement and educating our youth about dire consequences of drinking and driving will help as it had helped earlier. the youth should be encouraged to make a real difference by utilizing their energy, passion and idealism.
Teen suicide is a grave national problem and action should be taken before it is too late. Since these problems are social in nature community involvement is required. Services and programs dealing with the issue must be broadened along with enhancement of the public’s awareness.